What exactly is information technology (IT)?

by | May 24, 2020 | Articles, Skills | 0 comments

Information technology. What IT is, Definitions and Scope of IT

Information Technology (IT): What it is; Definitions and Scope. Image credit: udemycoupons.me

Information Education: What exactly is the meaning of information technology (IT)?

What is the scope of information technology?  4 definitions and meanings of information technology (IT) which encompass the scope

What is the difference between information technology (IT) and computer science – 2 computing technology-related areas of learning?

What exactly is the meaning of information technology (IT)? What is the scope of the definitions of information technology?

 

Information technology (IT), basically and in its broadest sense, is the application of computer systems technology in solving organizational and business problems.

The above definition of IT sterns from the fact that computer systems and computer networks play a vital role in almost all business organizations and work environment.

IT can also simply said to be any form of technology with which information is obtained.

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In the 1950s, the meaning of IT was marked with an officially defined area of business and over the succeeding decades, many organizations created IT departments to manage the computer or computing technologies related to their businesses.

Technology in the broadest sense is the application of modern communications and computing technologies to the creation, management and use of knowledge.

What is the scope of information technology – 4 definitions and meanings of information technology (IT) which encompass the scope

These 4 specialty-specific definitions cover the entire scope of what information technology is, highlighting the sub-fields and different areas of study of information technology.

1. Definition of IT in relation to computer hardware (equipment) infrastructure (computer-based information and communication system hardware infrastructure)

Information technology refers to any piece of equipment such as computers system devices and components, data storage devices and other communication and telecommunication devices.

2. Definition of IT in relation to computer software and networking (computer-based information and communication system software and networking)

Information Technology means any piece of software or network services including the Internet and other supporting infrastructure that manages and delivers information using texts, voices, data, audio and video.

3. Definition of IT in relation to computer information systems (computer-based information and communication systems)

Information technology is the study, design, development, operating, maintenance, support or management of computer-based information systems—computer networks (network infrastructure), computer software applications and computer hardware.

4. Definition of IT in relation to computer products and services (computer-based information and communication system products and services)

Information technology is the implementation, application and use of computer based-information systems – computer hardware, software and networks for data and information processing, distribution and communication.

Data is any unorganized fact in form of characters, symbols, letters, numbers, others. Data also means information facts, etc., that can be put together for reference, storage, or analysis.

Information is the collection of an organised and meaningful data and its various forms of information include business data, conversations, still images, motion pictures and multimedia presentations

Data and information processing involves creating, storing, retrieving and utilization of data and information while data and information communication involves transmission, distribution and exchange (sending and receiving) of data and information.

What is the difference between information technology (IT) and computer science –2 computing technology-related areas of learning?

What is the difference between information technology (IT) and computer science – two closely and interdependent computing technology-related areas of learning?  Let us consider the differences between information technology (IT) and computer science:

  1. Information technology (IT) involves design, operating, management and use of computer-based information systems – computer hardware, software and networks, including databases but computer science (CS) involves the application and use of theoretical process in computer software design and programming.
  2. Computer-based information and communication system hardware infrastructure), computer-based information and communication system software and networking), computer-based information and communication systems and computer-based information and communication system products and services are deemed the sub-field of information technology while artificial intelligence (AI), computer graphics, computer software programming and software engineering are sub-fields of computer science.
  3. Another difference between IT and computer science is that IT professionals apply computer systems technology to solve organizational problems in a business environment whereas computer science uses computer software programming to solve specific problems in any business environment.

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